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Type 2 diabetes screening in community pharmacies could increase early diagnosis

Community pharmacies are well placed to screen patients for type 2 diabetes, which could increase early diagnosis and significantly reduce NHS costs—according to new research from the University of East Anglia and Boots UK. More than three million people in the UK were diagnosed with diabetes in 2014 and there was an estimated 590,000 people ..
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Hormone therapy helps strengthen brain connections in transgender women

In transgender women who have had their testes removed as part of the gender-affirming process, a form of estrogen called estradiol strengthens connections between areas of the brain involved in fine motor skills, learning, emotions and sensory perception, according a study to be presented Monday at ENDO 2019, the Endocrine Society’s annual meeting in New ..
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How does estrogen protect bones? Unraveling a pathway to menopausal bone loss

Estrogen induces osteocyte expression of Sema3A, which acts on its receptor on osteocytes to promote survival, resulting in reduced osteoclastic bone resorption and enhanced osteoblastic bone formation. Sema3A-activated sGC-cGMP signaling through Nrp1 protected osteocytes from apoptosis. Credit: Department of Cell Signaling,TMDU Osteoporosis is a condition in which bones become weak and prone to fractures. Fractures ..
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AAOS: supplement use low in patients with osteoporosis, hip fracture

(HealthDay)—Of patients diagnosed with osteoporosis who have a history of hip fracture, only 14 percent are receiving appropriate calcium and vitamin D supplementation, according to a study presented at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, held from March 12 to 16 in Las Vegas. Evan D. Nigh, of the University of ..
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Why some people can’t stop running, according to sport psychology

Credit: lzf/Shutterstock Alex has a problem with running; he has become addicted to it. “I have to get out and run, whether my family like it or not,” he says. “It’s just who I am.” Running three times a week has become ten times a week, and when life gets in the way of his ..
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Wake up call on pre-teen mobile phone use at night

Credit: CC0 Public Domain This World Sleep Day (March 15), Australia is waking up to the fact that around a quarter of children aged 7-8 are using mobile phones at night (between 10pm and 6am) when they should be sleeping. It’s a worrying statistic which highlights an increasing use of mobile phones in the bedroom ..
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Marijuana is a lot more than just THC—a pharmacologist looks at the untapped healing compounds

Assorted cannabis bud strains. Credit: Roxana Gonzalez/Shutterstock.com Medical marijuana is legal in 33 states as of November 2018. Yet the federal government still insists marijuana has no legal use and is easy to abuse. In the meantime, medical marijuana dispensaries have an increasing array of products available for pain, anxiety, sex and more. The glass ..
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Testosterone therapy in hypogonadism can prevent progression to T2DM

(HealthDay)—Testosterone therapy (TTh) can prevent progression to type 2 diabetes (T2D) in men with prediabetes and hypogonadism, according to a study published online March 12 in Diabetes Care. Aksam Yassin, M.D., Ph.D., from the Institute for Urology and Andrology in Norderstedt, Germany, and colleagues examined whether TTh in men with hypogonadism and prediabetes prevents progression ..
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Taking the reins on multiple sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis doesn’t have to be an ending. With proper treatment and management, patients can manage the disease’s often unpredictable nature. “Patients get a predisposed feeling that their life is doomed. That it’s going to be a complicated life, which isn’t necessarily so,” said Dr. Cary Twyman, a neurologist with Penn State Health. “There are ..
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A new battle: Veterans more likely to have heart disease

“I think it’s sort of the first indications of a coming public health crisis for veterans,” says Ramon Hinojosa, an assistant professor in UCF’s Department of Sociology and the study’s author. “Because of the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, we have a relatively large, new, younger generation of veterans who are going to survive for ..
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Heatwave misperceptions lead to danger

South Australians don’t see heatwaves as serious events and warnings do little more than ‘trigger’ common-sense behaviours like turning on the air-conditioner, new research from the University of Adelaide shows. The research, conducted by the University’s School of Public Health, found that South Australians do not perceive heatwaves as high risk events, an attitude compounded ..
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Researchers discover why people with Laron dwarfism don’t get diabetes

Reduced growth hormone receptor signalling improves insulin signalling within the body.  University of Queensland researchers have discovered a hidden metabolic advantage that prevents people with a specific type of dwarfism from developing type 2 diabetes or cancer. UQ Diamantina Institute researcher Dr. Yash Chhabra said the findings could pave the way for new diabetes treatments ..
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